The Dwadasa Jyotirlinga shrines or the 12 shrines enshrining Shiva in the form of a Jyotirlingam, have been held in reverence since time immemorial in the Indian system of beliefs.These temples are closely linked with legends from the puranas and are rich in history and tradition and are the holiest places of pilgrimage .
The names and the locations of the 12 Jyotirlingas are mentioned in the Shiva Purana . These shrines are:
1. Somnath, destroyed and re-built six times, is held in reverence throughout India and is rich in legend, tradition, and history. It is located at Prabhas Patan in Saurashtra in Gujarat.
2. Mallikārjuna, also called Śrīśaila, is the name of the pillar located on a mountain on the river Krishna.Srisailam, near Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh enshrines Mallikarjuna in an ancient temple that is architecturally and sculpturally rich. Adi Shankara composed his Sivananda Lahiri here.
3. Mahakal, Ujjain (or Avanti) in Madhya Pradesh is home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple. The Lingam at Mahakal is believed to be Swayambhu, the only one of the 12 Jyotirlingams to be so. It is also the only one facing south.
4. Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh on an island in the Narmada river is home to a Jyotirlinga shrine and the Amareshwar temple.
5. Kedarnath in Uttarakhand is the northernmost of the Jyotirlingas. Kedarnath, nestled in the snow-clad Himalayas, is an ancient shrine, rich in legend and tradition. It is accessible only by foot, and only for six months a year.
6. Bhimashankar, in the Sahyadri range of Maharashtra, contains a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with Shiva destroying the demon Tripurasura. There is also a Bhimashankara temple at Kashipur near Nainital, which was referred to as Daakini country in ancient days. It is believed that Bhima the Pandava prince was married to Hidamba, a Daakini here. Mahashivaratri is celebrated in great splendour here too. This temple also has shrines to Bhairavanath and Devi, and a temple tank by name Shivaganga.
7. Varanasi (Benares) in Uttar Pradesh is home to the Vishwanath Jyotirling temple.
8. Trimbakeshwar, near Nasik in Maharashtra, has a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with the origin of the Godavari river.
9. Baidyanathdham in Deoghar, Jharkhand Vaidyanath Temple, also called Vaijnath Temple and Baidyanth Temple is located at Deogarh in the Santal Parganas region of Jharkhand in the south west of Keeul Station.
10. Nageshwar Temple, Dwarka in Gujarat is home to the Nageshwar temple. However, the term "daruka vane" in the shloka (religious verse) for Nageshwar has also been interpreted for Jageshwar, situated in the Uttarakhand Himalaya. Daruka vane means deodar forest.
11. Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu is home to the vast Ramalingeswarar Jyotirlinga temple and is revered as the southernmost of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of India. It enshrines the Rameśvara ("Lord of Rama") pillar.
12. Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga shrine, in Aurangabad Maharashtra, is located near the rock-cut temples of Ellora.
One who recites these 12 names regularly in the morning and evening washes all the sins committed in the previous 7 births and attains all the powers and Siddhis.
SAURASHTRE SOMANAATHAM CHA SHREESHAILE MALLIKARJUNAM ,
UJJAYINYAM MAHAKALAM OMKARE AMARESHWARAM ,
PARALYAAM VAIDYANAATHAM CHA DAAKINYAM BHIMASHANKARAMII ,
SETHU BANDHE TU RAAMESHAM NAAGESHAM DAARUKAVANE ,
VAARAANASYAANTHU VISHVESHAM TRYAMBAKAM GAUTHAMEETHATE ,
HIMALAYE TU KEDAARAM GHRUSHNESHAM CHA SHIVALAYE ,
ETAANI JYOTIRLINGAANI SAAYAM PRAATAH PATHENNARAHA ,
SAPTHA JANMA KRITAM PAAPAM SMARANENA VINASYATHI .
Om Namah Shivay